Iran has a rich and diversified history with a chronology of different periods, each one characterized by its own architecture, art forms and literature. The first recorded history of the country goes back as far as 7000 B.C. The first distinct people to emerge around 3800 B.C. were the Elamites (3000 B.C to 639 B.C) who were influenced to a large extent by the Sumerians. It was during this period that successive waves of immigrants of Indo/European origin set up camp on the central plateau. A kind of feudal system was developed in Iran and is mentioned for the first time in 844 B.C. in Assyrian texts. The Mèdes Empire (825 B.C.) reunified the country but was the scene of many battles and invasions. Several dynasties from this time founded great empires, stretching from the borders of India and Asia-Minor to the Mediterranean in the West.

As for the Islamic period, the monuments which were left from reigning dynasties and escaped destruction from invading tribes from the East such as the Mongols and the Timurids are fascinating and significant, particularly those of the Safavid Dynasty (1501-1736).

The only way to see clearly is through the heart. The essential is invisible to the naked eye.” Antoine de Saint-Exupery, The Little Prince